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For a long time, we are fond of studying various rocks of Karelia. One of the most amazing minerals for us became is shungite stone. Today, we will try to answer the question what is shungite? In this article, we have tried to describe this issue in more detail, so that you have a more complete concept of this mineral. Also in this article we touched upon such terms as Carbon and Fullerenes. We think these two terms are the main ones for the disclosure of this issue. We apologize in advance, grammatical and syntactic errors are possible in our article. The fact is that we speak Russian and do not speak English fully and did the translation of our article on their own.
The Shungite stone
Shungite is a mineral those main chemical element is carbon. Most noteworthy, only this form of carbon contains natural Fullerenes. This mineral has truly amazing and unusual properties that are no longer inherent in any mineral on earth. According to scientific research, shungite was formed more than two billion years ago. This extremely rare rock is found only in one place on the planet earth. This is the North-Western region of Russia – “Republic of Karelia”.
It is noteworthy that in the Karelian region there are outcrops of shungite rocks on the Earth’s surface. At the same time, the most famous deposit of classic black shungite is the Zazhoginskoe deposit (or it is called Zazhoginskoye, Zazhogino). It is in this place that shungite stone with the most constant characteristics is mined. And also it is from it that we produce various shungite products.
Carbon is a chemical element discovered by French scientist Antoine Lauren. Antoine is the founder of the modern science of Chemistry. At the time of the discovery of carbon, this chemical element was called “clean coal”. In 1780, in the book “Method of chemical nomenclature” the name appears is Carbon. After that, the concept of “Clean coal” is changed to Carbon. Carbon is a chemical element that exists in many allotropic modifications. In modern science, there is a concept of “Allotropic modifications of carbon” is a substance similar in composition but different in chemical structure.
Modification of carbon
There are many in allotrope modifications of carbon. For example, Diamond, Graphite, Carbyne and Fullerene. Carbon is an amazing element that is able to form substances that are radically different from each other and have completely opposite properties. This element has the greatest number of Allotropes i.e. modifications. In addition, this element was the building material for our planet, today carbon compounds are the basis of all living organisms on Earth. This is the real material of the future, however that has yet to be explored.
The importance of carbon for humanity
The universe is keeping secrets which is difficult to find an explanation. The whole evolution of matter is in the General system of molecular interatomic bonds-energy flows. Minerals have accumulated information about the evolution of the universe, the evolution of the earth, which they are able to transfer to other types of matter, atomic structures in terms of direct active contact. In matters contains large amounts of carbon. A human is composed of 25% carbon, grass is 5%. New spheres of life are opening up for humanity. For example, the discovery of fullerenes and nanotechnology is far superior to human invention such as the wheel. It is not without reason that more and more attention is paid to this in the developed countries of our world.
Discovery of fullerenes
Fullerene is an allotropic modification of carbon. It was discovered in 1985 by American scientist Robert Smoli and Robert Curl and British scientist Harold Kroto. In 1996, the Nobel prize were awarded these scientists for the discovery of Fullerenes. In fullerenes carbon is bound in linear chains, these chains make up a lattice, such a lattice is called-Fullerene. Fullerene molecules can take many forms. For example, a fullerene C60 it looks like.
What is Fullerene c60?
Fullerene C60 is the most famous, it consists of 60 carbon atoms. In addition, other forms of fullerene can form whole structures-Nanotubes. There are many reasons that make Shungite unique. Above all, it’s Fullerene C 60, which was found in its composition. Molecules of C60 and C70 fullerene were isolated from the rare mineral shungite. Most importantly, this is the only natural material where fullerenes have been discovered. The formation of shungite lasts from 600 million to 2 billion years. Fullerenes are also synthesized on special equipment. This is an very expensive product. It is much more expensive than gold! Fullerenes are between living and non-living nature. They can not be attributed to lifeless, but they are not a living organism.
One of the many properties of the unique forms and structures of fullerenes is the ability to construct atomic nanolayers. A nanometer is 1 billionth part of a meter (1 / 1.000.000.000 meters). At the level of these values there are processes that are poorly explained in the language of traditional Physics and Chemistry. Perhaps these ones processes confer shungite unusual healing properties and unique abilities.
There are two types of shungite in Karelia region:
The type is a Classic Shungite.
Black variety of shungite – this is the first most widespread type of shungite in Karelia. It can also be called shungite type-2 or type-3 according to the classification of Professor P.A. Borisov. It has a black color with streaks of golden and whitish color, because these are the two main minerals Pyrite and Quartzite, which are part of its composition and are one of the hallmarks of genuine Shungite stone. Above all, the main mineral is a unique carbon (from 20% to 60%). Fullerenes c60 were found in the composition of this carbon.
That is what makes Karelian shungite different from another rocks which are also similar to it and are mined in many countries of our world. Another rocks are called “Shungites-containing” it do not contain fullerenes, its there is no unique carbon C60. Such rocks are very cheap for sale and do not have the unique shungite properties. Very often such rocks to pass off as genuine Shungite healing. After discovered the unique healing properties of Shungite, its forgeries became too much.
Chemical composition of real shungite:
- Unique Carbon: ~30% – 60%
- Silicon oxide: ~45%
- Complex silicates (mica, chlorides): ~20%
- Sulfites: ~3%
Proportions of these minerals can vary depending on the depth and location of the production layers. Due to the presence of other minerals, it allows to produce various products and goods: pyramids, spheres, pendants and much more.
Properties of shungite:
Most noteworthy this unusual mineral that has sorption and antibacterial properties, due to the porous structure of this mineral is able to purify and mineralize water. Results of such studies are also publicly available. In 1719, a resort with healing waters is “Marcial waters” was opened in Karelia. These waters have a truly healing natural power. Recent drilling studies have found that these waters flow through a large Shungite formation. This scientific discovery was an explanation of the healing properties of this natural source of water. You can learn more in our special section – Shungite properties.
It is also important that, scientific studies have confirmed that Shungite has the ability to absorb electromagnetic waves of high frequency. This is a protection against EMF. Indeed, sources of such EMF waves are almost all electrical appliances, mobile phones and Wi-Fi, it surrounds almost every person in the modern world. It’s really an amazing ability that this all-natural material has.
Petrovsky shungite (or shungite type 2).
Shungite type 2 or Petrovsky shungite occurs at the Shunga deposit and contains 35-70% of the unique carbon of shungite. This type of mineral is in the middle between the first and third shungite in terms of the amount of reserves. So its amount of its reserves is much less than a shungite type 3, but more than that of elite shungite (type 1).
Type 2 shungite has a gray matte, low-gloss graphite color, and also has a parallelepiped jointing. It looks like the shungite is broken into rectangles. It was these external characteristics that reminded geologists of anthracite. Therefore, at first they called this shungite “Onega anthracite” (after the name of Lake Onega).
Due to the external resemblance to anthracite coal, the study of shungite in the Russian Empire began intensively since 1877. However, it turned out that shungite is not coal and it is economically inexpedient to heat the furnaces with it.
An important fact, in the production of shungite in Karelia, we do not process Petrovsky shungite. We and any other shungite production facilities cannot process it on an industrial scale and make products from it. That is, we cannot do this because of the physicochemical properties of type 2 shungite. After all, we cannot process it. In addition, we know that the reserves of type 2 shungite stones are very small, and their extraction is prohibited. Therefore, for now we offer nuggets of Petrovsky shungite only for collections.
Type is Elite shungite or Noble.
Second in a row, but not in importance. In fact, different researchers have introduced many classifications of shungite. But the most famous is the types of shungite in terms of the amount of carbon in their composition. And this type of shungite is called type 1. We write more about the types of Karelian shungite in our article on shungite rocks.
First of all, I want to note that it is almost pure unique carbon (98-99%). Structure of this carbon is very similar to the carbon structure of the meteorite – Alland. Until now, there are no exact scientific explanations about the origin of elite shungite. Also, this carbon form of this rare mineral has nothing to do with other forms of carbon on earth. Some scientists have suggested that this amazing mineral could get to earth from Space. However, other scientists, believe that the elite shungite is a mineral of terrestrial origin, which was formed many billions of years.
Fullerenes in shungite:
Firstly, scientists discovered fullerenes on Earth in a stable form only in the Karelian mineral shungite in 1992. Secondly, С60 fullerenes of this type have a hydrated form; therefore, they are soluble in water. As a result, shungite allows saturating water with fullerenes, as well as mineralizing such water and structuring it.
What does elite shungite look like?
Elite shungite mineral has a dark gray color, its surface is smooth to the touch and reflects light. Meanwhile, you can also see a small inclusion of a satellite mineral on its surface. Above all, other minerals which are a part of the present Elite type can give on its surface traces of a small rust. For example, such a mineral is Pyrite. It can leave traces of rust when oxidized on oxygen. You should not be afraid of this phenomenon. Because, the rust is a natural feature of real elite shungite but it’s can be cleaned by a rigid brush and water. Please see what real elite stones look like in our shungite elite stones section.
Field of elite shungite:
In fact, it is an extremely rare mineral. As long ago as the so-called “USSR” period the Deposit of the rock was completely exhausted. The name of the mineral is consonant with the village of Shun’ga, in which it was first found. Currently, each piece extracted by hand. In the near future, this unique and one of the rarest and healing minerals will cease to exist in the natural environment. Learn more about what is elite shungite ←(click here)
In conclusion, in today’s world, people have learned to fake almost everything. Please note, this rare mineral is no exception. We extracted every piece of elite shungite myself. See how real elite shungite stones look in our collection. I guarantee that you will receive from us only real Shungite. In addition, we are located directly in the Republic of Karelia and personally create all the products for our store. Therefore, you can be absolutely sure that you will receive from us only genuine products from the real Shungite. The entire range of products from genuine shungite stone you can see in our store. Just click here to go to our store.
Voluntary certificate of conformity for shungite products.
Please note, that on the territory of the Russian Federation, a Shungite is not a product that is subject to mandatory certification. Therefore, many unscrupulous sellers from other cities of Russia or other Countries sell Shungite-containing rocks under the guise of genuine.
However, this does not mean that certification of shungite products on a voluntary basis is impossible. Therefore, we have made such a voluntary certification of our products. Since our company “Shungite-c60” is aimed at long-term cooperation with our regular customers and is ready to offer them the best quality and guarantee the authenticity of each of our products.
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